Breast Cancer in Men: The Warning Signs

Breast cancer is traditionally thought of as an exclusively female-related disease. But like breast cancer in women, breast cancer in men is the uncontrolled growth of the cells of the breast tissue.

Breast cancer in men can be just as dangerous as breast cancer in women. More than 1,700 men are diagnosed with male breast cancer each year. But because men often wait to report the symptoms of male breast cancer, the disease is more likely to have spread, leaving many men with less hope that treatment will lead to recovery.

Breast cancer in men accounts for approximately one percent of cases of breast cancer and about 0.2 percent of all malignancies in men, according to The National Cancer Institute. In women, breast cancer represents 26 percent of all cancers. However, all of the types of breast cancer seen in women can also occur in men, although some are quite rare.

The National Cancer Institute estimates that breast cancer in men results in approximately 480 deaths in men compared to more than 40,000 women who die of breast cancer each year.

The survival rate for men is lower than for women. Men have very little breast tissue and do not typically receive mammograms.

Also, men are not taught to do regular breast self-examination. No one knows the exact cause of breast cancer, but risk factors include age, family history of breast cancer, changes in the appearance of the breast and race. Breast cancer is diagnosed more often in White women than Latina, Asian and African American women.

Since breast cancer is 100 times more common among women, the general public does not hear much about breast cancer in men. Many people are unaware that men can develop breast cancer, and neither individual men themselves nor their physicians regularly examine men’s breasts.

Furthermore, when men discover signs of breast cancer, they tend to delay before seeing a physician. This is the main reason why medical researchers have a hard time studying breast cancer in men and the effect it has on the male population. Men do not believe they are susceptible to the disease.

For instance, actor Richard Roundtree, the man who personified masculinity in the iconoclastic blaxploitaion film Shaft, discovered a lump in his right breast in the 1970s. It was cancer.

“When I got the news, I was shocked,” said Roundtree, who has worked with the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation which raises breast cancer awareness among women and men, as well as funds for research. “I thought I couldn’t possibly have breast cancer. Men don’t get this,” Roundtree once said in a USA Today interview. The actor was fortunate to catch his cancer early and received chemotherapy, radiation treatments, and a mastectomy.

Another celebrity to have had male breast cancer is Peter Criss, a founding member of the rock band KISS, who calls himself “the luckiest man in the planet.” Criss said getting medical treatment early at the first sign of trouble saved his life.

“While some men feel embarrassed because of ‘this macho crap,'” Criss said surviving breast cancer was actually a blessing. He was treated before the tumor could spread and said he speaks out about breast cancer in men during National Breast Cancer Awareness month every October to raise the profile of this rare disease.

Criss, who played drums for KISS and was known as “Catman,” offered this advice to men who spot lumps in their breast: “Don’t sit around playing Mr. Tough Guy. Don’t say ‘It’s going to go away.’ It might not and you might not see life anymore and how beautiful that is.”

Most cases of breast cancer in men are detected in men between the ages of 60 and 70, although the condition can develop in men of any age. A man’s lifetime risk of developing breast cancer is about one-tenth of one percent, or one in 1,000.

However, men with breast cancer show the same racial disparities in survival as do women with the disease, according to a study conducted at Columbia University. Medicare-age African American men with breast cancer were three times more likely to die from the disease than White men. These findings parallel those of previous studies among women, which have shown higher breast cancer mortality rates for African American women at all ages, according to a 2009 study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Racial disparities in breast cancer outcomes between African American and White women have been reduced to access to health care, and other socioeconomic factors. Similar factors may contribute to the poor outcomes observed among African American men with breast cancer.

Among the findings related to African American men, the researchers reported that they were more likely to have later-stage disease and larger tumors than White men; African American men were 48 percent less likely to be referred to a medical oncologist and 56 percent less likely to receive chemotherapy than White men, though neither difference was significant. Five-year survival was about 90 percent among White patients but 66 percent among African American patients.

On the basis of the findings, the researchers concluded that part of the racial disparity in survival may be due to differences in treatment. Under treatment may account for the racial disparity in breast cancer survival among men.

Medical researchers have said further studies will be needed to explain clinical and biological factors contributing to racial disparities in male breast cancer. Because breast cancer in men is rare at less than one percent of cancers in men, obtaining large sample sizes has been a challenge. Most previous studies have been small, single center, retrospective series.

Early signs, however, indicate that the disease is more manageable and has higher successful treatable rates than when found in women. In many ways, the disease appears similarly in both sexes.
Symptoms of breast cancer

A painless lump, usually discovered by the patient himself, is by far the most common first symptom of breast cancer in men. Typically, the lump appears right beneath the breast, where breast tissue is concentrated.

A lump, however, is seldom the only symptom. Men are more likely than women to have nipple discharge (sometimes bloody) and signs of local spreading, including nipple retraction, fixation to the skin or the underlying tissues, and skin ulceration.

To improve the prognosis of breast cancer in men, broader efforts are needed to let men know that the disease exists and that, like other cancers, it can be cured or controlled if it is diagnosed and treated promptly.

Risk factors attributed to breast cancer.

– Age
The incidence of breast cancer in men, like in women, increases with age. The average age of men at diagnosis is close to 65, about five years older than the average age for women.

– Ethnicity
Breast cancer affects 14 African American men and eight White men in every million. Some studies also suggest that the prevalence is higher among Jewish males.

– Geography
In Egypt, breast cancer in men represents six percent of all breast cancers, and in Zambia, it accounts for 15 percent. It has been suggested that one contributing factor might be an excess of estrogen produced by parasites. Others have proposed a link with liver disease caused by malnutrition.

– Socioeconomic Status
A recent study comparing male breast cancer patients from five metropolitan areas with men of comparable backgrounds who did not have breast cancer, found that the breast cancer patients were more likely to be college graduates and employed as professionals or managers.

– Heredity
Several researchers have reported two or more cases of breast cancer in men within a single family. Several of these reports have involved two brothers; one involved three brothers; and another described breast cancer in a man, his father and his uncle.

– Hormones
Abnormal hormonal activity, a factor that has been linked to the development of female breast cancer, could play a role in the development of male breast cancer as well. Several disorders with a hormonal component have been associated with an increased risk of male breast cancer, and numerous studies suggest that men with breast cancer display abnormal patterns of hormone metabolism and excretion.

– Treatment
The treatment for male breast cancer is generally similar to the treatment of female breast cancer. The basic therapy for cancer that shows no signs of distant spreading is surgery. In advanced stages, it is hormonal and chemotherapy. The small number of men who develop breast cancer makes it unlikely that large prospective trials can ever be undertaken to compare various therapies. It is possible, nonetheless, that institutions that see more than the usual number of cases could collaborate in developing a fund of reliable information. In the meantime, it is important that individual physicians and surgeons keep careful records to document the cases of the several hundred men who develop breast cancer each year in the U.S.

More Men Articles

Inner Strength: The Long Road With Cancer

Many people die from the disease known as cancer each day. Cancer can be caused by many things and can take on many forms. The forms of cancer kill by causing tumor growth that affects organs. While there are many different forms of cancer, there are also different forms of cancer treatment. The tips in this article will help you with treatment for cancer.

Alcohol consumption is the number one cause of liver cancer. Alcohol abuse over time can damage the liver in such a way that it can no longer function. Without a transplant, most liver cancers are fatal. Reduce your risk of liver cancer by cutting down your alcohol consumption or eliminating it completely.

Create a strategy to cope with the feelings you may have. Not everyone deals with illness and stress the same way. Sit down and ask yourself what works for you. Do you like to mediate? Are you the type to pray? Is talking to others a relief to you? Find out what works best.

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, you should be willing to take help from wherever it may come. Help could come from family and friends, your place of worship, or even the community overall. You can find help out there; be sure to take it. You might not be able to work with cancer and the emotional toll may be too much to handle alone.

If you want to catch cancer early, learn the warning signs. Sudden weight loss, cramping, thin stools and stools that contain blood are all symptoms of colon cancer. So make sure you get yourself checked out if any of these symptoms occur.

Physical activity can reduce your chances of contracting colon cancer by around 40%. Regular exercise helps you stay in shape, maintain an appropriate weight, and avoid diseases associated with higher cancer risk, such as diabetes. Make staying active your goal.

Depression often causes health issues of its own, which can lead to problems treating the cancer. Depression makes it more likely that someone will stop fighting their cancer.

You will not always feel like cooking as your strength begins to fade, so make sure you’re keeping healthy prepared meals in your fridge and freezer. While you have the strength to do it, prepare healthy food in advance. This way, you only have to microwave something for a few minutes when you need to eat.

For women to prevent against contracting certain types of cancer, it is important to avoid taking any type of menopausal hormonal treatments or therapy for extended periods. If you do need these types of hormone treatments, make sure you’re only receiving what you need. Do not make these hormones a way of life for you.

There are many vitamins and supplements out there that can help to prevent cancer, but you need to research any and everything before you put it into your body. Do not believe the hype of a product just because it promotes itself as cancer-fighting. Make sure you find out the truth about any item you put into your body.

Check your available surgical options compared to your chemotherapy options and vice versa when fighting cancer. Maybe surgery can help you to get rid of the cancerous tumor, and maybe chemotherapy is your better option. When a doctor suggests one, be sure that you ask about the other. Cover all your bases here.

As stated before, cancer causes many people to die. Cancer . But you can learn how to manage it and get past it with some of the above tips. Keep in mind that it’s going to be a tough challenge, but with the right plan and motivation you can succeed!

Start Fighting Cancer Today With This Great Information

Cancer is a word that strikes fear into the hearts of many people. Cancer claims the lives of many people every year. Being diagnosed with cancer is the same as a death sentence for many, as they feel they are doomed to a short life. This is not true, if the cancer is detected early enough. The information in this article will help you with stopping cancer before it becomes fatal.

If you are a woman, and breast cancer worries you. Then it is best to have been regular scheduled mammograms to make sure you are cancer free. Breast cancer is easily treated, and often successfully treated as long it’s caught before the usual time by scheduling a routine mammogram you enable yourself to find out early enough to make a difference

There are certain tests that aid in the early detection of certain cancers. These tests can detect cancer cells before they cause any symptoms, increasing the chances for successful treatment. See your doctor regularly and have the recommended tests for breast cancer, testicular cancer and pap smears. Early detection is key to surviving cancer.

Older adults are at higher risk for developing certain types of cancer. Approximately 75% of cancers are diagnosed in people aged 55 and older. As the risk rises, so does the importance of staying healthy and physically fit. Regular doctor visits, normal body weight, a healthy diet, self-exams and cancer screening tests can all help to reduce the risk.

After finding out that you have cancer, it is best to keep an open contact with your doctor and those close to you, such as your family members and close friends. If you avoid talking to them about your situation and your feelings, you might begin to feel isolated.

Think about how you are going to cope with the stress of your cancer diagnosis. Everyone handles things differently, but it is important to have a way to relax after a particularly difficult day. Research relaxation techniques, consider which friends and family members you can talk openly with, and keep a journal.

If you are taking care of someone with cancer, it is important to address your own feelings and fears. By working through your own needs, you will be a better support to the person you love, and you will be able to listen to them more effectively. If you need to, seek out another person who can be your sounding board when things get difficult.

Always work hard to gather information if someone you love has cancer. They might not be in the right frame of mind to soak up the information about what they can do to handle the disease. But you should be at full attention in order to take in and retain this information. It’s important that you gather as much as possible.

Spirituality plays an important role in the fight against cancer. Now, you do not have to believe in any higher power per se, but there is plenty of documented evidence that a person’s belief in something greater than themselves can instill the confidence necessary to fight cancer until it’s defeated.

It is important that you take charge over your body and lifestyle after you have beaten cancer. Whether you’ve lost a lot of weight and/or muscle or even if you gained a lot after the treatment was over, you need to get busy eating right and exercising well in order to take charge of your life and body.

In conclusion, many people fear the condition known as cancer. Cancer kills many people every year. Those who are diagnosed with cancer feel as if their lives are over, but they must realize that if their cancer has been detected early enough, it can be stopped. If you remember the information from this article, you can stop cancer.

Meeting A Cancer Diagnosis With Strength And Hope!

With everything from the sun that powers our planet to the food, we energize our bodies with being able to potentially cause cancer. It’s no wonder that so many people go through life throwing caution to the wind. After all, if everything’s dangerous, what’s the point of dwelling on any of it? Well, “dwelling”? Is something you don’t want to do, but learning should be something everyone is willing to do regardless. Learn about how to fight cancer in this article.

Chemotherapy can damage the body in many ways. One key to remaining healthy throughout your treatment is to keep your weight stable and your immune system strong. If you are losing weight, eat calorie-rich, sugar-free foods. Also use foods and vitamins to boost your immune system, such as vitamin C, garlic and tomatoes.

Alcohol consumption is the number one cause of liver cancer. Alcohol abuse over time can damage the liver in such a way that it can no longer function. Without a transplant, most liver cancers are fatal. Reduce your risk of liver cancer by cutting down your alcohol consumption or eliminating it completely.

Following a cancer diagnosis, communication is key. Talk with your friends and family members, your doctor and other members of the community. You will not feel as alone if you can express to others how you feel and what you are going through. This will lead to an incredible support system for you.

Don’t be afraid to ask for help from family and friends. Pride may keep you from requesting aid, however, you may become weak when undergoing treatment. Your loved ones can do small chores and errands like shopping or cleaning the home. Just doing small tasks can ease your burden.

The sun can be a major cancer causing factor for many people. The sun releases ultraviolet rays that enter the earth’s atmosphere. When we step outside, our skin is exposed to these rays, and too much exposure can cause skin damage that can lead to skin cancer. Be sure to protect yourself with sun screen to prevent this.

Following your cancer diagnosis, try to keep your life as normal as possible. You may need to make some changes, but a consistent routine will help you feel more like yourself. Since your plans may need to be altered at the drop of a hat, take each day as it comes and enjoy it.

When someone close to you has cancer, it is important to let them know you are available. It can seem hard to talk about at first, but you will soon understand the importance of being able to express your feelings to another person who actually understands what you are going through. Try to listen without interjecting your ideas or opinions. Let your loved one have this time to simply release some of the difficult thoughts and sentiments he or she is struggling to deal with at this challenging time.

Smoking increases the risk of colon cancer, in addition to that of the lungs and mouth. Tobacco smoke has cancer-causing agents that get into the colon, and it can also make colon polyps much bigger. This is one of many reasons you should give up smoking for good.

The one big benefit from having survived cancer is that you now know what the signs and symptoms of the disease are, so make sure you’re fully aware of any changes in your life so that you can catch it in time. If you have any symptoms of the cancer returning rush to get help while you are still able.

As you can see from the tips, you’ve just read, there are many things you can do to prevent and to treat cancer. There may not be a method out there that promises to work 100%, but there are many, many options you can employ in your day-to-day routine or when the time comes to fight the disease.

Things To Do That Will Lower The Risk Of Cancer

Millions of people around the world fall prey to con artists selling remedies to prevent or cure cancer. Ensure you have the right information so you do not get scammed. The more educated you are about cancer, then the better the odds you have of defeating it. The following tips will help to increase your understanding of the disease, so that you can hopefully increase your odds of beating it.

It is quite normal for cancer patients to feel unattractive. Self-esteem is at an all-time low and nothing seems to be right. This is a great time to pamper yourself! When you are feeling well enough, take a friend and go out to lunch. Get your nails done, or shop for a new outfit. Doing normal, everyday activities can make you feel like part of life again and change your whole attitude!

The human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a cause of cervical cancer. This virus causes genital warts, which are transmitted by sexual contact. The only way to prevent the spread of HPV is the use of condoms and abstinence, or a vaccine that protects against the disease. Be responsible and don’t practice unprotected sex. The possibility of cancer isn’t worth the risk.

To stand a chance of surviving cancer you have to be willing to put up a fight against it. If you give up emotionally, the cancer will have a greater chance of taking over your body and ultimately ceasing your existence here. You have to fight to beat cancer.

When battling cancer it is important for you to try to find humor somewhere. Many people fall into depression while they are battling cancer and do not even realize it. It is understandable for someone to feel depressed about the diagnosis but fighting is what helps save lives. Humor can be a great way to put up a fight.

When you are diagnosed with cancer, it is important for you to do research about the disease. You need to learn everything that you can so that you are taking the right steps for treatment and not doing anything that could jeopardize the treatment that you are getting from professionals.

You should always receive regular check-ups with your doctor, at a clinic, or with any medical professional. Cancer is something that has been known to spread rapidly, but any doctor should be able to catch a tumor as it begins to grow. This is when cancer is at its slowest and is thus the most possible to get rid of.

People with cancer need complete honesty from you, so do not hide anything from them just because you feel it may hurt them or hurt your relationship with them. Whether it’s something the doctor said or a secret you’ve been sitting on for another reason now is the time for full disclosure.

They say that eating an apple a day will keep the doctor away, but eating an onion a day can actually keep cancer at bay. Because of the large amount of antioxidants founds in onions, eating them regularly can help to eliminate free radicals from your body and thus help you to prevent contracting cancer.

When you’re battling cancer, it’s important to try to sleep without the aid of medications and alcohol. Falling asleep naturally, and for a long time if possible, will help your body’s cells to regenerate and become healthier. When you’re tired, try to give into the sleep, rather than fight it.

You can easily be sucked into scams if you have cancer, and that’s because people are desperate to help themselves or their loved ones beat the disease. Even so, make sure you’re always informed and acting with the right knowledge as your guide. Use the tips in the article you’ve just read to aid in your battle.

Advice For People That Are Dealing With A Cancer Diagnosis

Some of the things you do in life will certainly increase your risks of getting cancer, while other things you do will help you to lower your risks exponentially. However, there is no way to safeguard against all types of cancer 100%. That’s why it’s important you learn as much as you can about the topic. Here are some tips to help.

When facing cancer, you should remember to anticipate physical changes. Cancer and cancer treatments such as chemotherapy will cause your body to experience changes, such as hair loss. Keeping these changes in mind will help you prepare for them in advance and remove any chances of being surprised by them. Find a patient physician who is willing to spend time discussing these matters with you.

One of the most critical things you can do to cope with your cancer diagnosis is taking the time to think about your goals and what you want from life. Participate in activities that you enjoy; they will make you feel happy and hopeful. Spend time with the people you love and don’t waste your energy on other things.

Cosmetic products often contain carcinogens. These products are applied to the skin and allowed to sit there for hours being absorbed by the skins pores and leading to a greater chance of getting cancer. In order to cut this risk, avoid cosmetic products that contain ingredients with “PEG” or “-eth” in the name.

It is important to read the warning labels for many products. Many people do not realize that products they use every day contain carcinogens. When buying products, pay careful attention to the ingredients of the product, and even look for warning labels that may say that the product you intend to purchase may cause cancer.

Ask questions when you need to or make the effort to share your difficulties. There are a lot of people who think they cancer is contagious and that they can actually catch something from you. Think in advance about how you will react to these kinds of questions, and when they come up, deal with them immediately. Nipping misinformation in the bud from the beginning will improve the ways people respond to you throughout your treatment.

Working to reduce your exposure to radiation is one of the best ways you can prevent cancer. Now, the jury’s still out on whether or not cell-phone usage puts you at a higher risk of things like brain tumors, but there is a direct link between cancer and radiation. So do what you can to avoid radiation.

If someone you know has contracted cancer, the best thing you can do now is listen to this person’s wants and needs. Trying to insert yourself into their life by force may backfire and cause this person to reject you, and treating this person differently may have a devastating effect. Listen to their needs.

Don’t get scared of the discomfort you may feel while getting an examination for breast cancer. The discomfort is very temporary, usually lasting only a few minutes. Early detection can be the difference between life and death or keeping your breasts and losing them, so a little pressure is well worth it.

As a cancer survivor, you should be making plans to permanently monitor the long-term effects of the treatment you have completed. Some treatments will put you at a higher risk for cardiovascular issues and even a return of the cancer, so be sure that you speak with your doctor and make plans to monitor the effects of your previous treatments.

Oncologists and other doctors dealing with cancer go to school for the better part of a decade and still do not know all the answers. So thinking that this article has made you an expert is not something you want to do. You will always need accurate info, but you should continue to learn more than what you’ve read here.