World War II Names Still In Our Vocabulary -Part One – The Lenin Mausoleum

Almost seventy years have elapsed since the beginning of World War II. This was the bloodiest conflict our global world has ever endured. Almost every country throughout the world lost millions upon millions of its population. There has never been a war fought on such a massive scale as the Second World War. It is doubtful if such a war will ever be fought again. If it ever happens, it will mean the total destruction of our world.

The Lenin Mausoleum is the first of a series of articles that document some of the names, places, catch words, and other items that are now lodged permanently in our vocabulary, History was made some 68 years ago. We dare not forget.

The Lenin Mausoleum

Lenin’s preserved body is on permanent display at the Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow. Because of Lenin’s unique role in the creation of the first communist state, and despite his expressed wish shortly before his death that no memorials be created for him, his character was elevated over time to the point of near religious reverence. By the 1980s, every major city in the Soviet Union had a statue of Lenin in its central square. There was either a Lenin street or a Lenin Square near the city center. Often 20 or more smaller statues and busts populated its territory. Collective farms, medals, hybrids of wheat, and even an asteroid were named after Lenin. Children were taught stories about “granddad Lenin” while they were still in nursery school.

The almost religious fervor that surrounded the existence of the Tomb of Lenin is comparable to the religious significance of the Tomb of Mary. Orthodox and Franciscan monks watch over her tomb daily. Mary, the mother of Jesus, was buried in the Kidron Valley. According to writings, the Church of the Assumption was erected upon the tomb that received the mortal remains of the Blessed Virgin. From this tomb she was taken into heaven. The death and assumption of Mary into heaven is described in the apocryphal writing “The transition of the Virgin” or “Dormition” of Mary.

Although the Tomb of Mary contains many of the most sacred religious artifacts of Christianity, the tomb is unoccupied. Because of the multitudes of annual pilgrims to this site, the Israeli Defense Force provides protection to the thousands of visitors to the Tomb of Mary that visit the Holy Land each year.

Just as the Tomb of Mary bore the highest significance to Christianity, so did the Tomb of Lenin become the highest monument of significance to the world of communism. Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin (April 22, 1870 – January 21, 1924)was a Russian revolutionary, a communist politician, the main leader of the October Revolution, the first head of the Soviet Union, and the primary theorist of Leninism, a variant of Marxism Lenin was a driving force behind the Russian Revolution of 1917 and became the first great dictator of the Soviet Union. After his brother was executed in 1887 (for plotting to kill the Czar), Lenin gave up studying law and became a full-time revolutionary.

Lenin studied Karl Marx and formed workers’ groups, but was arrested and exiled to Siberia in 1895. In 1900 he went to Europe, and in 1903 he led the Bolsheviks in the split of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ party. When revolution broke out in Russia in 1917, he led the Bolsheviks to control the government. Lenin had complete political control over the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) until his death, and is remembered as the man who put Marx’s ideas to practical use.

For decades after his death, Lenin’s well-preserved body has been put on public display in a special mausoleum in Red Square. It was named The Tomb of Lenin.

Stretching along one side of the Kremlin walls, Red Square has become a part of its overall architectural ensemble, with seven Kremlin towers standing along its western side. The Lenin Mausoleum is at the compositional center of Red Square. Its architect employed a simple and expressive design in the form of a monumental edifice, faced in dark red granite and black labradorite.

Every hour on the hour to the peal of the Kremlin chimes the guards are changed at the entrance to the Mausoleum. It is a solemn ceremony that is comparable to the changing of the guard in the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.

During national festivities the Mausoleum becomes a focal point of military parades. On both sides of the Mausoleum there are stands of light-grey granite for the guests. Behind the Mausoleum along the Kremlin wall the revolutionary necropolis is located. Here lie buried figures of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the former Soviet State.

We cannot overlook the significance the Lenin Mausoleum has played in the growth and rise of world communism. The communist regimes that followed the death of Lenin have propagated this into a shrine. Because of world communism in the 1930s and early 1940, the origin of nazism in Germany and other countries took root. Here indeed began a chain of events which led to the start of World War II.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the level of reverence for Lenin in post-Soviet republics has gone down considerably. However, generations who grew up during the Soviet period still consider Lenin an important figure. Most statues of Lenin have been torn down in Eastern Europe, but many still remain in Russia. The city of Leningrad reverted to St Petersburg, which was its original name, The surrounding Leningrad Oblast still carries his name. The citizens of Ulyanovsk, Lenin’s birthplace, have so far resisted all attempts to revert its name to Simbirsk.

The subject of interring Lenin’s body has been a recurring topic for the past several years in Russia. To this day, the body of Lenin lies in perpetual state in the Tomb of Lenin. The elite unit of Russian guards still constantly stands watch round the clock. It is a living icon that despite democratization within the Russian Federation, the spirit of communism has not gone away.

Bob Carper holds an MBA degree from the University of Pittsburgh He is an ardent railfan and belongs to the New York Central Historical Society.
Go to You may also contact him at [email protected]

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Discover the many advantages of working with a caster wheel distributor

Keeping operations going is the first priority of any industrialist. This must be done in a way that is safe, efficient, and effective. Many industrial operations require workers to move heavy loads from place to place. This is most easily done by large carts equipped with strong, state-of-the art caster wheels. Caster wheels are tough, pneumatic covered wheels that enable such carts to function, so that loads can be shifted from one location to another. Such wheels are invaluable to any industrial operation. And it is important to get it right when dealing with a vendor that sells them.

Though industrial wheels are only one of the many things that must be brought together to make an operation flow smoothly, they are an important part. Industrial companies are under heavy pressure to perform. Such firms must ensure that large scale and often complex operations are carried out flawlessly. They usually work with heavy machinery, raw materials, and finished goods. The moving of these things has to be done in a way that is safe, and that maintains or contributes to improving productivity and performance. A caster wheel can be essential to helping you, as an industrial manager, meet these requirements.

Anyone facing the strain of making an industrial operation work can use all of the help they can get. Cutting corners is only likely to add to the pressure of improving your business operation, so that you remain profitable and competitive. The best way to handle such matters is to purchase the best equipment to keep your operation going. This is called capital investment. And just like every other form of investment it is important to ensure that you get back good return for the amount of money you put in. In this instant, a good return means durable, high quality industrial wheels. You want to make sure that the wheels being used on the transport carts can withstand the weight and constant stress of daily use.

Of course, it is also important to work with the right firm when you make your purchase. Not every firm offers the exact same service, quality, and value as every other firm. There are differences and distinctions that it is important to make. When choosing the place from which you will buy your castor wheels, you should look to receive the best deals and nothing short of world class customer service.

Fortunately, it is not that hard to find such caster wheel companies. The best place to begin your search is the Internet and worldwide web. Using the web will enable you to bring all of the websites of the various caster wheel companies to your computer screen. There, from the comfort of your own office, you will be able to sift through the different firms and the deals that they offer. Using the web will give you the time and the means to make a good business decision about the firm that you want to work with and the kind of products you want to buy.

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If you are looking for caster wheel deals, then you need look no further. For more information please visit our website.

How To Avoid Buying Home Exercise Equipment You Won’t Use… And Save A Ton Of Money!

It is estimated that 80% of home exercise equipment is not used after the first year.

So, you’re planning to buy a piece of home exercise equipment… and you have promised yourself that this time you are really going to use it!

Maybe you already have a collection of different exercise devices… but you are convinced that with this new contraption you will definitely reach your fitness goals.

Or you keep saying to yourself… “If I only had that fitness machine I would be motivated to work out”.

Around 80% of home exercise equipment buyers said the same thing… and the equipment they bought is gathering dust in the corner somewhere along with their dreams of muscle tone, more energy, weight control and feeling great.

Don’t part with your hard earned money before you make sure you will be one of the 20% that buys home exercise equipment and actually uses it, because as we all know… you are only going to get the physical benefits from the home exercise equipment you buy if you actually do the exercise.

Who Buys Home Exercise Equipment And Then Doesn’t Use It?

According to Consumer’s Union, it is the beginner, or inexperienced, exercisers that are most likely to purchase home exercise equipment and then not use it.

As a matter of fact… beginner exercisers don’t use 2/3 of the home exercise equipment they buy.

Although buying home exercise equipment seems like the logical first step to improved fitness… it is the beginners that give up using the equipment more than people who already enjoy an active lifestyle.

Let’s see why this happens…

Using Home Exercise Equipment Is An Exercise In Self Control

Most people over estimate their self control.

Even though they exhibit determination and enthusiasm when researching the home exercise equipment to buy, seeking out the best price, purchasing and installing the equipment in their home… most people just don’t have enough self control to use the equipment in the necessary manner to reap the rewards.

Thinking about exercise, talking about exercise, researching exercise and purchasing home exercise equipment is not exercise.

There is no home exercise equipment that will completely transform you and help you reach all your fitness goals without an investment of time and energy.

As a matter of fact… the costs of seeking fitness are immediate, while the benefits are delayed.

Most beginners get frustrated putting in the time and energy necessary to reap the long term physical rewards using the home exercise equipment .

As a result, 2/3 of the home exercise equipment finds its way into garages, closets and basements with the closing comments… “That thing didn’t work.”

Prove Yourself Worthy Before Buying Home Exercise Equipment

Most beginners buy home exercise equipment because they took a good hard look in the mirror and didn’t like what they saw… or they assessed their physical abilities and found them lacking.

Next step… buy a piece of home exercise equipment!

Well, hold on there… not so fast.

As I’m fond of saying… Fitness is a journey, not a destination.

The bodily changes and improvement of physical abilities you seek can only be obtained for the long term by incorporating consistent physical activity into your lifestyle.

Prove yourself worthy of the purchase of home exercise equipment by first adding physical activity to your lifestyle by using the effective, versatile and efficient piece of home exercise equipment that you already have… your own body!

If you are really serious about improving muscle tone and energy levels while controlling weight and feeling great… start by performing a workout program of bodyweight calisthenics exercises.

Bodyweight calisthenics exercise is the perfect method to use for the beginner, as well as experienced, fitness enthusiast when starting a physical fitness training program… and should remain part of a well balanced fitness training regime.

As a matter of fact… you should not start using home exercise equipment of any kind until you first have developed the ability to control the movement of your own body.

Once you have effectively added physical activity into your lifestyle… you can buy that piece of home exercise equipment to augment, vary and diversify your physical training with the confidence that you will actually use it.

In conclusion…

Bodyweight calisthenics exercise is the perfect place to start your physical fitness training program.

Properly done… bodyweight calisthenics exercise will develop a strong, lean and athletic body that actually performs as good as it looks.

Once physical training has become a habit… buy home exercise equipment to improve your already effective training.

The body and physical abilities you seek are not determined by the equipment you have at your disposal… but rather by your desire to improve and incorporate physical activity into your lifestyle!

Save yourself a lot of time and money by proving to yourself that you are not overestimating your self control… because if you fail to successfully add bodyweight calisthenics exercise into your lifestyle, you will most likely fail to use the home exercise equipment you buy.

So what are you waiting for?

Use your own body as your gym… and get started on your own personal fitness journey today!

Coach Lomax invites you to explore physical training on Optimum Physical Training. We recommend Unchained Bodyweight Workout .

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Understanding How To Rid Yourself Of Arthritis

Arthritis is a condition that causes varying degrees of pain, and many people deal with it on a daily basis. In order to cope with this affliction, you should educate yourself on the best ways to treat your pain. You will find helpful tips in the following article that can help you live a more productive life.

Stay away from cigarette smoke; if you are smoker, then you should quit. Cigarette smoke contains nicotine, which reduces blood flow to the extremities. This can produce short-term pain relief. You should understand though, that this lessened blood flow can cause significant damage to your joints, which will result in greater arthritis symptoms.

Maintaining proper posture will help your joints to stay strong. Proper posture helps minimize arthritis pain. Always stand up straight, and do not slump when sitting. Keep your weight distributed evenly on both legs. If both legs support you evenly, your spine will be under less pressure and the pain should diminish.

Women suffering with arthritis should avoid wearing high heels. They may seem to be attractive, but they’re not good for your feet. Heeled shoes increases torque around your knees and can make arthritis worse. Try wearing comfortable shoes so that you can diminish your arthritis pain. Your body is sure to appreciate your decision.

If you suffer from arthritis, you should always avoid using worn out shoes for exercising purposes. When your shoes are worn out, they do not distribute your weight evenly. As a result, you will feel more pain in your legs. If there’s noticeable wear, especially on the soles, replace them with new workout shoes.

If you are a woman who suffers from arthritis in your back, you may want to think about changing what bras you wear. Believe it or not, certain bras can make your arthritis worse by putting pressure on your back. There are actually bras that are made just for women with arthritis.

It is in your best interest to take control of arthritis as soon as you can. Good typing posture and technique can go a long way to help. Have your hands on the same level as the keyboard, and get a thick mouse pad. This way you can reduce the strain on your hands and keep yourself from developing problems later in life.

If you suffer from arthritis, you may want to consider buying special arthritis gloves. Not only can these gloves keep your hands warm all day and night long, but they can also decrease swelling in your fingers and hands. Arthritis gloves can be purchased at many drug stores or pharmacies.

Think about using aromatherapy as a way of relieving arthritis pain. The relaxation brought by aromatherapy has been scientifically proven to be beneficial to any chronic condition. When you use aromatherapy to relax, the whole body relaxes – including arthritic joints.

See a doctor to find out exactly what type of arthritis you have if you feel you are suffering from arthritic symptoms. There are over one hundred different types of arthritis and knowing your specific type can help you learn how to help take care of yourself more effectively.

If you have been diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, you must allow yourself some respite. Unfortunately, you don’t have as much energy as before. Behaving as if they are will only make your symptoms get worse. Put all your energy towards the stuff that is important to you. Do not try to be everything that you think people expect of you, as it’s not possible.

It’s probably clear by now that arthritis can be painful and even crippling to some people. However, if you have the correct information and get good advice, taking care of your arthritis becomes a whole lot easier.

Relax. South China Exports and Manufacturers are Doing Just Fine

With some media spotlighting potential problems in South China – and one blog even going so far as to suggest smart Chinese businessmen are queuing up to attract orders, only to deliberately declare bankruptcy – it’s time to look again at the realities of the situation. The actual business environment in South China is something we are qualified to discuss with some knowledge – our firm, Dezan Shira & Associates, has four regional offices there (Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Zhongshan) and has conducted business in the region for 20 years, while our Regional Partner Alberto Vettoretti is an adviser to the Shenzhen Government.

That South China has gone through changes is a given, but they have not arisen due to the Global Financial Crisis, and neither are they particularly new. Having ridden the export manufacturing boom since China began its reforms in the 1980s, South China (and Guangdong Province in particular) became a fertile ground for businessmen from Hong Kong and Taiwan looking to take advantage of the mainland’s relatively low wages and the proximity to their own homes. With Hong Kong as a major port, South China rapidly developed as an export-driven hub, right up until the early part of this century. However, China’s central planners saw demographic problems with this-low end, low-margin, labor-intensive manufacturing base and wanted to encourage such businesses to move elsewhere.

This was done by removing tax incentives for manufacturing WFOEs, decreasing the amounts of VAT claimed back upon export of certain items, and by raising the minimum wage. This trend effectively began back in 2007. While there was plenty of moaning and groaning about the situation, most Guangdong-based export manufacturers quickly got the message, and decamped their manufacturing operations further afield, mainly to Vietnam, Bangladesh and other parts of Southeast Asia. The part left in South China was the liaison office – after all, who wants to completely uproot a successful business with plenty of international buyers?

This means that while on the face of it, many companies remain in South China, those that have business models incompatible with the new business environment shaping the region only actually retain a sales office – the manufacturing is sourced from or produced elsewhere. This migration of businesses from South China is one of the reasons we set up offices in Vietnam several years ago – many of our clients there are in fact originally clients from South China. Accordingly, while it always pays to be prudent, we do not expect to see any major problems with sensible businesses in South China. Thousands have already adjusted.

This means of course that South China’s industry has been going through an evolution away from low-end manufacturing and towards value-added production. The high tech industry is developing as a core component of Shenzhen’s commercial make-up, and bio-tech and other new industries are now taking the place of the old Nike factories and others of that ilk. They are succeeding. The fact that Hong Kong has plenty of world class academic resources to bring to the table is of course a major boost to underpin serious R&D and investment in high-tech industries across the Pearl River Delta. That talent is far better utilized in the new technologies of IT and biotech than in manufacturing toys and Christmas trees, and the entire region has been shifting away from low-end production now for several years.

Far from being in the doldrums, South China exports have been booming. According to Marine Insight, Guangzhou ranked the seventh busiest port in the world last year, and Hong Kong was ninth. (First was Shanghai, then Ningbo followed by Singapore). Shenzhen is also usually around the top 10 mark. So South China-based manufacturers, their exports, and the products manufactured there are not in as bad a position as some would suggest.

The sustainability question over buying product from South China really needs to be divided into two: firstly, what type of product? Because hi-tech industries are booming in South China and are encouraged to do so through a variety of incentives. If the product is traditionally low-end, then is the company acting as an intermediary for manufacturing operations elsewhere? Most low-end manufacturing in South China has already left. The only caveat here is if an overseas buyer is acquiring low-end, low-value, high-labor product from a South China-based factory, its probably time to look elsewhere (Vietnam) and impose the usual trade terms to protect a buyer from any default. Unless someone’s been really cheap shopping around the manufacturing bargain bin ends with dodgy suppliers, the risk of default has lessened significantly. What remains in South China is an economy that is vibrant, high-end, and supporting at least 3 of the top 10 busiest container ports globally. Buyers looking at cheap products should be looking to their contacts for advice, and companies wanting to engage in high-tech businesses should be getting into South China as it reinvigorates and reinvents itself as a dynamic trading hub, once again.

This article was written for the China business news site,

Dezan Shira & Associates specialise in foreign direct investment in China, and maintain accountants in Shanghai, Beijing and other major cities.

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Good Tips On Choosing The Right Kind Of Lawyer

If you’re in search of a good lawyer, look no further! It’s time you learned some great advice to help you through this process and very important decision. Keep reading to learn more about what you need to know in order to have the best lawyer standing in your corner on the day you go to court.

Try to avoid a lawyer that does not have a specific area of law they specialize in. There are lawyers all over that specialize in different fields of study. Hiring one of them will increase your chances of success since the person you hire will know exactly what they are doing once they step into the courtroom.

Never hesitate to ask your lawyer about any part of the fees you do not understand. There are many people that have issues with the fees they are charged by an attorney, but many of them do not say anything. There is a chance that you can do some of the work yourself and save a little, so make sure to ask about that.

A good tip if you’re thinking about hiring a lawyer is to listen to your gut when it comes down to whether or not you’re going to hire that person. Your lawyer is going to represent you in court, so if your lawyer seems unscrupulous, it’s going to fall back on you.

Do not pick a lawyer because you saw their ad on television or on a billboard. Many big firms that can afford this type of advertising use lawyers that are fresh out of school for most of their cases, but charge you for the experience held by its highest lawyers.

Before signing contracts, be sure the lawyer has won some cases that are similar to yours. The fact that a lawyer advertises that his specialty is arguing cases like yours will not guarantee he will win your case. If the information isn’t online, they should be able and willing to give it to you.

It is hugely important that you know exactly what your lawyer plans to do for you. They should lay it out in writing, preferably, before you sign on the dotted line. If they get you to sign a legal document they have drafted without explaining it, run the other way.

Do not pay a huge retainer before your lawyer looks at your case. If they state that they will not work with you otherwise, discuss the terms and conditions surrounding the retainer. You’re probably better off shopping around for lawyers whose retainer fees aren’t quite so large.

If you need legal help, don’t necessarily use the lawyer you have worked with in the past. You may need a particular type of attorney, someone who specializes in the type of case you are involved in. Don’t worry, though. A specialist isn’t necessarily expensive, so you should be able to afford what you need.

Wait to sign a contract with an attorney until you feel the situation is right. Request an estimate from the attorney so that you know approximately how many hours he or she intends on putting into the case. If the lawyer refuses, move on. A range is acceptable, but it is not fair if you have no idea what you are getting into.

Surely you feel much better now about finding the right lawyer for your needs. It’s important that you use these tips you’ve learned so that you don’t have to worry about making a bad decision. Keep what you’ve read in mind, and find the lawyer that is going to bring you back home with a “win.”